Instead of focusing exclusively on “racism,” our attention would shift to illicit white benefit. The ideal for racial justice would, quite simply, be the end to current racial exploitation, and the equitable redistribution of the benefits of past racial exploitation. Obviously working out the details would be hugely complicated, and in fine points impossible, but at least on the level of an ideal to be simply stated, and by which present-day society can be measured, it would give us something to shoot for.
In talking with the white majority, the imperative task has usually been to convince them that, independently of whether or not they are “racist” (however that term is to be understood), they are the beneficiaries of a system of racial domination and that this is the real issue, not whether they have goodwill toward people of color or whether they owned any slaves. The concept of racial exploitation is designed to bring out this central reality.